Jakarta, previously (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) DJakarta National Capital of Indonesia, biggest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta is located on the northwest shore of Java in the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea). It’s coextensive with the metropolitan district of Greater Jakarta (Jakarta Raya) and nearly coextensive with the daerah khusus ibukota (special capital district) of Jakarta–the latter also including a number of small offshore islands in the Java Sea.
In 1966, when the city was declared a special capital district, it gathered a standing approximately equivalent to that of province or a state. The city has for ages been a significant trade and financial centre. It has also become an industrial community and a centre for education.
Jakarta is located on a low, flat alluvial plain with historically broad metropolitan areas; the portions of the city farther inland are slightly higher. It’s easily flooded through the rainy season. The draining of swamps for construction purposes and the continuous decrease of upland forest vegetation have increased the threat of flooding. With this kind of an excess of water from the dirt, Jakarta has a lack of clean drinking water, for which there’s increasing demand. The area is quite abundant for fruits along with other horticulture, as majority of the dirt is of older origin.
Even though the Dutch had been the first to attempt to plan the city, the city layout is probably more British than Dutch character, as may be seen by this sort of big squares as Medan Merdeka (“Freedom Field”-RRB- and Lapangan Banteng (significance “place of the gaur ”-RRB-. The Oriental fashion , or “indische” style, as the Dutch call it, is evident not just within the city’s way of life but additionally in the types of homes, the wide, tree-lined streets, along with the first spacious gardens and house lots. In Kebayoran, a satellite town constructed since World War II on the south side of the city, also in other modern developments, the homes and garden lots are a lot smaller in comparison to from the older colonial districts. Jakarta has for ages been a town of new settlers that assimilated local ways and became Jakartans themselves. Some traditional neighbourhoods can, however, be identified.
The population of Jakarta has increased dramatically since 1940. Much of that increase is attributed to immigration, which has changed Jakarta into one of the planet ’s largest urban agglomerations. Even though government regulations close the city to unemployed settlers, better economic conditions necessarily attract new people. Additionally, a lot of individuals is young, leading to a high natural increase potential. Analysis of the immigrant stream shows that, after the West Javanese, the largest groups represented are the Central and East Javanese; a large number are also out of Sumatra. Other population groups–Arabs, Indians, Europeans, and Americans–are present in tiny numbers.